Introduction to the Online Wagering Business MAIN
Software Licensing and a List of Companies that Provide Online Casino and Sportsbook Software SOFTWARE
Online Marketing Companies that get Web Traffic to a Casino Web Site MARKETING
Sublicensing an Online Casino operation from a Licensee AFFILIATE PROGRAMS
Payment Processing and Merchant Accounts for Online Casino operations to use E-COMMERCE
Software Considerations GAME TYPES
Legislation issues for the USA and abroad LEGAL ISSUES
Online Gaming and Other Gambling/Casino Related Conferences CONFERENCES
Economic Factors worth considering with an Online Wagering Operation ECONOMICS
Things to Watch for when Starting an Online Gaming Business PITFALLS
Forums - Hear what others have to say about the business MESSAGE BOARDS
Online Casino Links: News, Stocks, Organizations, etc. LINKS
About Yorktown Ventures and the Author ABOUT US


SIGNUP

Signup for the FREE START CASINO newsletter : Industry News, New Gaming Software, Marketing Opportunities, Upcoming Conferences and Legal Developments

START CASINO . COM
Independent Information Site on Starting an Online Casino Business
 
English en espa˝ol en Franšais Deutsch Italiano Wersja Polska Japanese Hebrew Mandarin) Cantonese
 

INTERNET GAMBLING INFORMATION
US SENATE BILL S 627






PROPOSED LEGISLATION
Provided to  START CASINO . COM   courtesy of the US Senate

S 627 IS

108th CONGRESS

1st Session

S. 627

To prevent the use of certain payment instruments, credit cards, and fund transfers for unlawful Internet gambling, and for other purposes.

IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

March 13, 2003

Mr. KYL (for himself, Mr. SHELBY, and Mrs. FEINSTEIN) introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs


A BILL

To prevent the use of certain payment instruments, credit cards, and fund transfers for unlawful Internet gambling, and for other purposes.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

    This Act may be cited as the `Unlawful Internet Gambling Funding Prohibition Act'.

SEC. 2. FINDINGS.

    Congress finds that--

      (1) Internet gambling is primarily funded through personal use of payment system instruments, credit cards, and wire transfers;

      (2) the National Gambling Impact Study Commission in 1999 recommended the passage of legislation to prohibit wire transfers to Internet gambling sites or the banks which represent them;

      (3) Internet gambling is a growing cause of debt collection problems for insured depository institutions and the consumer credit industry;

      (4) Internet gambling conducted through offshore jurisdictions has been identified by United States law enforcement officials as a significant money laundering vulnerability;

      (5) gambling through the Internet, which has grown rapidly in the half-decade preceding the enactment of this Act, opens up the possibility of immediate, individual, 24-hour access in every home to the full range of wagering opportunities on sporting events or casino-like contests, such as roulette, slot machines, poker, or black-jack; and

      (6) the extent to which gambling is permitted and regulated in the United States has been primarily a matter for determination by individual States and, if applicable, Indian tribes, with Federal law serving to prevent interstate or other attempts to evade or avoid such determinations.

SEC. 3. PROHIBITION ON ACCEPTANCE OF ANY PAYMENT SYSTEM INSTRUMENT, CREDIT CARD, OR FUND TRANSFER FOR UNLAWFUL INTERNET GAMBLING.

    Chapter 53 of title 31, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:

`SUBCHAPTER IV--FUNDING OF ILLEGAL INTERNET GAMBLING

`Sec. 5361. Definitions

    `For purposes of this subchapter, the following definitions shall apply:

      `(1) BET OR WAGER- The term `bet or wager'--

        `(A) means the staking or risking by any person of something of value upon the outcome of a contest of others, a sporting event, or a game subject to chance, upon an agreement or understanding that the person or another person will receive something of value in the event of a certain outcome;

        `(B) includes the purchase of a chance or opportunity to win a lottery or other prize (which opportunity to win is predominantly subject to chance);

        `(C) includes any scheme of a type described in section 3702 of title 28, United States Code;

        `(D) includes any instructions or information pertaining to the establishment or movement of funds in, to, or from an account by the bettor or customer with regard to the business of betting or wagering; and

        `(E) does not include--

          `(i) any activity governed by the securities laws (as that term is defined in section 3(a)(47) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934) for the purchase or sale of securities (as that term is defined in section 3(a)(10) of such Act);

          `(ii) any transaction conducted on or subject to the rules of a registered entity or exempt board of trade pursuant to the Commodity Exchange Act;

          `(iii) any over-the-counter derivative instrument;

          `(iv) any other transaction that--

            `(I) is excluded or exempt from regulation under the Commodity Exchange Act; or

            `(II) is exempt from State gaming or bucket shop laws under section 12(e) of the Commodity Exchange Act or section 28(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934;

          `(v) any contract of indemnity or guarantee;

          `(vi) any contract for insurance;

          `(vii) any deposit or other transaction with an insured institution;

          `(viii) any participation in a simulation sports game, or an educational game or contest, that--

            `(I) is not dependent solely on the outcome of any single sporting event or nonparticipant's singular individual performance in any single sporting event;

            `(II) has an outcome that reflects the relative knowledge and skill of the participants, with such outcome determined predominantly by accumulated statistical results of sporting events; and

            `(III) offers a prize or award to a participant that is established in advance of the game or contest and is not determined by the number of participants or the amount of any fees paid by those participants; or

          `(ix) any lawful transaction with a business licensed or authorized by a State.

      `(2) BUSINESS OF BETTING OR WAGERING- The term `business of betting or wagering' does not include, other than for purposes of section 5366, any creditor, credit card issuer, insured institution, or other financial institution, operator of a terminal at which an electronic fund transfer may be initiated, money transmitting business, or international, national, regional, or local network utilized to effect a credit transaction, electronic fund transfer, stored value product transaction, or money transmitting service, or any participant in such network, or any interactive computer service or telecommunications service.

      `(3) DESIGNATED PAYMENT SYSTEM- The term `designated payment system' means any system utilized by any creditor, credit card issuer, financial institution, operator of a terminal at which an electronic fund transfer may be initiated, money transmitting business, or international, national, regional, or local network utilized to effect a credit transaction, electronic fund transfer, stored value product transaction, or money transmitting service, or any participant in such network, that the Secretary, in consultation with the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System and the Attorney General of the United States, determines, by regulation or order, could be utilized in connection with, or to facilitate, any restricted transaction.

      `(4) INTERNET- The term `Internet' means the international computer network of interoperable packet switched data networks.

      `(5) INTERACTIVE COMPUTER SERVICE- The term `interactive computer service' has the same meaning as in section 230(f) of the Communications Act of 1934.

      `(6) OFFICE- The term `Office' means the Office of Electronic Funding Oversight, established under section 5362.

      `(7) RESTRICTED TRANSACTION- The term `restricted transaction' means any transaction or transmittal involving any credit, funds, instrument, or proceeds described in any paragraph of section 5363 which the recipient is prohibited from accepting under section 5363.

      `(8) SECRETARY- The term `Secretary' means the Secretary of the Treasury.

      `(9) UNLAWFUL INTERNET GAMBLING- The term `unlawful Internet gambling' means the placing, receipt, or other transmission of a bet or wager by any means which involves the use, at least in part, of the Internet, where such bet or wager is unlawful under any applicable Federal or State law in the State in which the bet or wager is initiated, received, or otherwise made.

      `(10) OTHER TERMS-

        `(A) CREDIT; CREDITOR; CREDIT CARD; AND CARD ISSUER- The terms `credit', `creditor', `credit card', and `card issuer' have the same meanings as in section 103 of the Truth in Lending Act.

        `(B) ELECTRONIC FUND TRANSFER- The term `electronic fund transfer'--

          `(i) has the same meaning as in section 903 of the Electronic Fund Transfer Act, except that such term includes transfers that would otherwise be excluded under section 903(6)(E) of that Act; and

          `(ii) includes any fund transfer covered by Article 4A of the Uniform Commercial Code, as in effect in any State.

        `(C) FINANCIAL INSTITUTION- The term `financial institution' has the same meaning as in section 903 of the Electronic Fund Transfer Act, except that such term does not include a casino, sports book, or other business at or through which bets or wagers may be placed or received.

        `(D) INSURED INSTITUTION- The term `insured institution' means--

          `(i) an insured depository institution, as defined in section 3 of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act; and

          `(ii) an insured credit union, as defined in section 101 of the Federal Credit Union Act.

        `(E) MONEY TRANSMITTING BUSINESS AND MONEY TRANSMITTING SERVICE- The terms `money transmitting business' and `money transmitting service' have the same meanings as in section 5330(d) (determined without regard to any regulations issued by the Secretary thereunder).

`Sec. 5362. Office of electronic funding oversight; policies and procedures to identify and prevent restricted transactions

    `(a) ESTABLISHMENT OF TREASURY OFFICE-

      `(1) IN GENERAL- There is established within the Department of the Treasury, the Office of Electronic Funding Oversight, the purposes of which are--

        `(A) to coordinate Federal efforts to prohibit restricted transactions; and

        `(B) otherwise to carry out the duties of the Office, as specified in this subchapter.

      `(2) DIRECTOR- The Office shall be headed by a Director, appointed by the Secretary. The director of the Office may serve as the designee of the Secretary, at the request of the Secretary, for any purpose under this subchapter.

    `(b) REGULATIONS- Not later than 6 months after the date of enactment of this subchapter, the Office, in consultation with the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System and the Attorney General of the United States, shall prescribe regulations requiring any designated payment system, and all participants therein, to establish policies and procedures reasonably designed to identify and prevent restricted transactions through the establishment of policies and procedures that--

      `(1) allow the payment system and any person involved in the payment system to identify restricted transactions by means of codes in authorization messages or by other means;

      `(2) block restricted transactions identified as a result of the policies and procedures developed pursuant to paragraph (1); and

      `(3) prevent the acceptance of the products or services of the payment system in connection with a restricted transaction.

    `(c) REQUIREMENTS FOR POLICIES AND PROCEDURES- In prescribing regulations pursuant to subsection (b), the Office shall--

      `(1) identify types of policies and procedures, including nonexclusive examples, which would be deemed to be `reasonably designed to identify' and `reasonably designed to block' or to `prevent the acceptance of the products or services' with respect to each type of transaction, such as, should credit card transactions be so designated, identifying transactions by a code or codes in the authorization message and denying authorization of a credit card transaction in response to an authorization message;

      `(2) to the extent practical, permit any participant in a payment system to choose among alternative means of identifying and blocking, or otherwise preventing the acceptance of the products or services of the payment system or participant in connection with, restricted transactions; and

      `(3) consider exempting restricted transactions from any requirement imposed under such regulations, if the Office finds that it is not reasonably practical to identify and block, or otherwise prevent, such transactions.

    `(d) COMPLIANCE WITH PAYMENT SYSTEM POLICIES AND PROCEDURES- A creditor, credit card issuer, financial institution, operator of a terminal at which an electronic fund transfer may be initiated, money transmitting business, or international, national, regional, or local network utilized to effect a credit transaction, electronic fund transfer, stored value product transaction, or money transmitting service, or a participant in such network, shall be considered to be in compliance with the regulations prescribed under subsection (b), if--

      `(1) such person relies on and complies with the policies and procedures of a designated payment system of which it is a member or participant--

        `(A) to identify and block restricted transactions; or

        `(B) to otherwise prevent the acceptance of the products or services of the payment system, member, or participant in connection with restricted transactions; and

      `(2) such policies and procedures of the designated payment system comply with the requirements of regulations prescribed under subsection (b).

    `(e) NO LIABILITY FOR BLOCKING OR REFUSING TO HONOR RESTRICTED TRANSACTIONS- A person that is subject to a regulation prescribed or order issued under this subchapter and blocks, or otherwise refuses to honor, a restricted transaction, or as a member of a designated payment system relies on the policies and procedures of the payment system, in an effort to comply with regulations prescribed under this section, shall not be liable to any party for such action.

    `(f) REGULATORY ENFORCEMENT- Regulations issued by the Office under this subchapter shall be enforced by the Federal functional regulators and the Federal Trade Commission, in the manner provided in section 505(a) of the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act.

`Sec. 5363. Prohibition on acceptance of any bank instrument for unlawful Internet gambling

    `No person engaged in the business of betting or wagering may knowingly accept, in connection with the participation of another person in unlawful Internet gambling--

      `(1) credit, or the proceeds of credit, extended to or on behalf of such other person (including credit extended through the use of a credit card);

      `(2) an electronic fund transfer or funds transmitted by or through a money transmitting business, or the proceeds of an electronic fund transfer or money transmitting service, from or on behalf of such other person;

      `(3) any check, draft, or similar instrument which is drawn by or on behalf of such other person and is drawn on or payable at or through any financial institution; or

      `(4) the proceeds of any other form of financial transaction, as the Secretary may prescribe by regulation, which involves a financial institution as a payor or financial intermediary on behalf of or for the benefit of such other person.

`Sec. 5364. Civil remedies

    `(a) JURISDICTION- The district courts of the United States shall have original and exclusive jurisdiction to prevent and restrain violations of this subchapter or the rules or regulations issued under this subchapter by issuing appropriate orders in accordance with this section, regardless of whether a prosecution has been initiated under this subchapter.

    `(b) PROCEEDINGS-

      `(1) INSTITUTION BY FEDERAL GOVERNMENT-

        `(A) IN GENERAL- The United States, acting through the Attorney General, or, in the case of rules or regulations issued under this subchapter, through an agency authorized to enforce such regulations in accordance with this subchapter, may institute proceedings under this section to prevent or restrain a violation or a threatened violation of this subchapter or such rules or regulations.

        `(B) RELIEF- Upon application of the United States under this paragraph, the district court may enter a preliminary injunction or an injunction against any person to prevent or restrain a violation or threatened violation of this subchapter or the rules or regulations issued under this subchapter, in accordance with rule 65 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure.

      `(2) INSTITUTION BY STATE ATTORNEY GENERAL-

        `(A) IN GENERAL- The attorney general of a State (or other appropriate State official) in which a violation of this subchapter allegedly has occurred or will occur may institute proceedings under this section to prevent or restrain the violation or threatened violation.

        `(B) RELIEF- Upon application of the attorney general (or other appropriate State official) of an affected State under this paragraph, the district court may enter a preliminary injunction or an injunction against any person to prevent or restrain a violation or threatened violation of this subchapter, in accordance with rule 65 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure.

      `(3) INDIAN LANDS-

        `(A) IN GENERAL- Notwithstanding paragraphs (1) and (2), for a violation of this subchapter or the rules or regulations issued under this subchapter that is alleged to have occurred, or may occur, on Indian lands (as that term is defined in section 4 of the Indian Gaming Regulatory Act)--

          `(i) the United States shall have the enforcement authority provided under paragraph (1); and

          `(ii) the enforcement authorities specified in an applicable Tribal-State compact negotiated under section 11 of the Indian Gaming Regulatory Act shall be carried out in accordance with that compact.

        `(B) RULE OF CONSTRUCTION- No provision of this subchapter shall be construed as altering, superseding, or otherwise affecting the application of the Indian Gaming Regulatory Act.

    `(c) EXPEDITED PROCEEDINGS- In addition to any proceeding under subsection (b), a district court may, in exigent circumstances, enter a temporary restraining order against a person alleged to be in violation of this subchapter or the rules or regulations issued under this subchapter, upon application of the United States under subsection (b)(1), or the attorney general (or other appropriate State official) of an affected State under subsection (b)(2), in accordance with rule 65(b) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure.

    `(d) LIMITATION RELATING TO INTERACTIVE COMPUTER SERVICES-

      `(1) IN GENERAL- Relief granted under this section against an interactive computer service shall--

        `(A) be limited to the removal of, or disabling of access to, an online site violating this subchapter, or a hypertext link to an online site violating this subchapter, that resides on a computer server that such service controls or operates, except that the limitation in this subparagraph shall not apply if the service is subject to liability under this section pursuant to section 5366;

        `(B) be available only after notice to the interactive computer service and an opportunity for the service to appear are provided;

        `(C) not impose any obligation on an interactive computer service to monitor its service or to affirmatively seek facts indicating activity violating this subchapter;

        `(D) specify the interactive computer service to which it applies; and

        `(E) specifically identify the location of the online site or hypertext link to be removed or access to which is to be disabled.

      `(2) COORDINATION WITH OTHER LAW- An interactive computer service that does not violate this subchapter shall not be liable under section 1084 of title 18, United States Code, except that the limitation in this paragraph shall not apply if an interactive computer service has actual knowledge and control of bets and wagers and--

        `(A) operates, manages, supervises, or directs an Internet website at which unlawful bets or wagers may be placed, received, or otherwise made or at which unlawful bets or wagers are offered to be placed, received, or otherwise made; or

        `(B) owns or controls, or is owned or controlled by, any person who operates, manages, supervises, or directs an Internet website at which unlawful bets or wagers may be placed, received, or otherwise made, or at which unlawful bets or wagers are offered to be placed, received, or otherwise made.

      `(3) RULE OF CONSTRUCTION- The provisions of paragraph (2) do not affect any potential liability of an interactive computer service or other person under any provision of title 18, United States Code, other than as specifically provided in paragraph (2).

    `(e) FACTORS TO BE CONSIDERED IN CERTAIN CASES- In considering granting relief under this section against any payment system, or any participant in a payment system that is a creditor, credit card issuer, financial institution, operator of a terminal at which an electronic fund transfer may be initiated, money transmitting business, or international, national, regional, or local network utilized to effect a credit transaction, electronic fund transfer, stored value product transaction, or money transmitting service, or a participant in such network, the court shall consider--

      `(1) the extent to which the person extending credit or transmitting funds knew or should have known that the transaction was in connection with unlawful Internet gambling;

      `(2) the history of such person in extending credit or transmitting funds when such person knew or should have known that the transaction is in connection with unlawful Internet gambling;

      `(3) the extent to which such person has established and is maintaining policies and procedures in compliance with rules and regulations issued under this subchapter;

      `(4) the extent to which it is feasible for any specific remedy prescribed as part of such relief to be implemented by such person without substantial deviation from normal business practice; and

          `(5) the costs and burdens that the specific remedy will have on such person.

        `(f) NOTICE TO REGULATORS AND FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS- Before initiating any proceeding under subsection (b) with respect to a violation or potential violation of this subchapter or the rules or regulations issued under this subchapter by any creditor, credit card issuer, financial institution, operator of a terminal at which an electronic fund transfer may be initiated, money transmitting business, or international, national, regional, or local network utilized to effect a credit transaction, electronic fund transfer, stored value product transaction, or money transmitting service, or any participant in such network, the Attorney General of the United States, an attorney general of a State (or other appropriate State official), or an agency authorized to initiate such proceeding under this subchapter, shall--

          `(1) notify such person, and the appropriate regulatory agency (as determined in accordance with section 5362(f) for such person) of such violation or potential violation and the remedy to be sought in such proceeding; and

          `(2) allow such person 30 days to implement a reasonable remedy for the violation or potential violation, consistent with the factors described in subsection (e), and in conjunction with such action as the appropriate regulatory agency may take.

      `Sec. 5365. Criminal penalties

        `(a) IN GENERAL- Whoever violates this subchapter or the rules or regulations issued under this subchapter shall be fined under title 18, United States Code, or imprisoned for not more than 5 years, or both.

        `(b) PERMANENT INJUNCTION- Upon conviction of a person under this section, the court may enter a permanent injunction enjoining such person from placing, receiving, or otherwise making bets or wagers or sending, receiving, or inviting information assisting in the placing of bets or wagers.

      `Sec. 5366. Circumventions prohibited

        `Notwithstanding section 5361(2), a creditor, credit card issuer, financial institution, operator of a terminal at which an electronic fund transfer may be initiated, money transmitting business, or international, national, regional, or local network utilized to effect a credit transaction, electronic fund transfer, stored value product transaction, or money transmitting service, or any participant in such network, or any interactive computer service or telecommunications service, may be liable under this subchapter if such creditor, issuer, institution, operator, business, network, or participant has actual knowledge and control of bets and wagers, and--

          `(1) operates, manages, supervises, or directs an Internet website at which unlawful bets or wagers may be placed, received, or otherwise made, or at which unlawful bets or wagers are offered to be placed, received, or otherwise made; or

          `(2) owns or controls, or is owned or controlled by, any person who operates, manages, supervises, or directs an Internet website at which unlawful bets or wagers may be placed, received, or otherwise made, or at which unlawful bets or wagers are offered to be placed, received, or otherwise made.'.

      SEC. 4. INTERNET GAMBLING IN OR THROUGH FOREIGN JURISDICTIONS.

        (a) IN GENERAL- In deliberations between the United States Government and any other country on money laundering, corruption, and crime issues, the United States Government should--

          (1) encourage cooperation by foreign governments and relevant international fora in identifying whether Internet gambling operations are being used for money laundering, corruption, or other crimes;

          (2) advance policies that promote the cooperation of foreign governments, through information sharing or other measures, in the enforcement of this Act and the amendments made by this Act; and

          (3) encourage the Financial Action Task Force on Money Laundering, in its annual report on money laundering typologies, to study the extent to which Internet gambling operations are being used for money laundering purposes.

        (b) REPORT REQUIRED- The Secretary of the Treasury shall submit an annual report to Congress on any deliberations between the United States and other countries on issues relating to Internet gambling.

      SEC. 5. AMENDMENTS TO CRIMINAL GAMBLING PROVISIONS.

        (a) AMENDMENT TO DEFINITION- Section 1081 of title 18, United States Code, is amended--

          (1) by designating the five undesignated paragraphs that begin with `The term' as paragraphs (1) through (5), respectively; and

          (2) in paragraph (5), as so designated--

            (A) by striking `wire communication' and inserting `communication';

            (B) by inserting `satellite, microwave,' after `cable,'; and

            (C) by inserting `(whether fixed or mobile)' after `connection'.

        (b) INCREASE IN PENALTY FOR UNLAWFUL WIRE TRANSFERS OF WAGERING INFORMATION- Section 1084(a) of title 18, United States Code, is amended by striking `two years' and inserting `5 years'.


      MAIN    SOFTWARE    MARKETING    AFFILIATE PROGRAMS    E-COMMERCE    GAME TYPES    LEGAL ISSUES    CONFERENCES    ECONOMICS    PITFALLS    MESSAGE BOARDS    LINKS    ABOUT US



      Questions/Comments? Email the WEBMASTER
      Interested in Advertising on this page? E-mail HERE
         Last Update: October 2010    Legal Disclaimers
      Copyright © 2000-2017
      Yorktown Ventures, Inc
      All rights reserved